In the majority of the farming plots of Real Irrigation Canal of Montcada Royal there is evident existence of a marked proportion of sand in the earth. This feature is associated with the process of sandblasting, a practice that has been carried out by farmers for centuries and that favors the drainage and aeration of the soil.

In many farming plots the soil textures are a sandy-loam to even just sand. This situation is due to a process developed and applied repeatedly by farmers to enhance the agricultural capacity of certain soils. Certain crops, and in particular those that develop their harvested parts underground (potato, groundnut, peanut, carrots, etc) tend to prefer permeable and aerated soils, where the texture favors the formation of tubers and the thickening of some roots. To achieve these conditions, farmers have been incorporating this material, through the transport of sand from the nearby coastal areas periodically, in a process that has remained the same to today. The sand was uploaded during the winter and subsequently applied to the ground, either directly or after a period of time incorporated into the organic compost that farmers obtain from the remains and manure produced by the own activity (corrals and panels) or from population centers nearby, including the city of Valencia. Josep Duran i Martínez, a physician Meliana, describres, in his work Medical Topography of Meliana, the custom of the farmers of the region in the first half of the 20th century: "...On weekdays, still at night they would head to the capital, where they would pass the morning, a caravan formed of more than 200 wagons and men (“the fematers”), where they would direct themselves in search of the trash and discards of the houses."




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(Al-Andalus) [711-1238]

(Kingdom of València) [1239-1453]

MODERN PERIOD [1454-1789]


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